Hi Reginald Jackson here, Although addictive
behavior is generally associated with drug and alcohol abuse or compulsive sexual activity,
chocolate may evoke similar psychopharmacologic and behavioral reactions in susceptible persons.
A review of the literature on chocolate cravings indicates that the hedonic appeal of chocolate
(fat, sugar, texture, and aroma) is likely to be a predominant factor in such cravings.
Other characteristics of chocolate, however, may be equally as important contributors to
the phenomena of chocolate cravings. Chocolate may be used by some as a form of
self-medication for dietary deficiencies (eg, magnesium) or to balance low levels of neurotransmitters
involved in the regulation of mood, food intake, and compulsive behaviors (eg, serotonin and
dopamine). Chocolate cravings are often episodic and fluctuate with hormonal changes just before
and during the menses, which suggests a hormonal link and confirms the assumed gender-specific
nature of chocolate cravings. Chocolate contains several biologically active constituents (methylxanthines,
biogenic amines, and cannabinoid-like fatty acids), all of which potentially cause abnormal
behaviors and psychological sensations that parallel those of other addictive substances.
Most likely, a combination of chocolate’s sensory characteristics, nutrient composition,
and psychoactive ingredients, compounded with monthly hormonal fluctuations and mood swings
among women, will ultimately form the model of chocolate cravings. Dietetics professionals
must be aware that chocolate cravings are real. The psychopharmacologic and chemosensory
effects of chocolate must be considered when formulating recommendations for overall healthful
eating and for treatment of nutritionally related health issues. For a much better diet
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