Keto Diet vs Paleo Diet (Which Diet is Healthiest & Best For Weight Loss?)


Keto diet versus Paleo diet are they
the same thing are they fads how are they different
we’re going to talk about all these principles so that you can decide if
it’s something that you want to give a try and you can understand when and if
that would be a good idea coming right up. [Wellness For Life logo] So what is the Paleo diet it is a philosophy of how humans have eaten through the history of human existence
so the earliest humanoids came around about two million years ago the homo
erectus and then homo sapiens the latest version of human came around a quarter
million years ago and most researchers in paleontology and and human evolution
they agree that there is very very little difference between the DNA of the
homo sapiens a quarter million years ago and your DNA today. so the idea then is
that whatever they ate would be the most appropriate type of food for us to eat
today and why might want to make that argument because if you have the same
DNA as they did the DNA codes for enzymes and enzymes are what you have in
your body there is some enzymes in food and you produce a lot of the rest in
your body that break down the food and different types of food required
different types of enzymes you can’t eat the same thing that a cow eats because
you don’t have those enzymes you don’t have those bacterial cultures. so an
enzyme is a catalyst it is something that fits into specific molecules and
help us break down and metabolize that food so if your ancestors had a certain
set of DNA to code for a certain type of enzymes then it would make a lot of
sense that you would be suitable for the same
type of food so that is the idea behind the Paleo diet. so what would be okay to
eat on the Paleo diet then well anything that they had access to such as meat
fish poultry anything that they could pull out of the ocean anything that they
could catch and kill and eat would be alright they also probably had access to
some fruits and some vegetables at least seasonally they probably could catch
pick find some eggs and they could also pick nuts and seeds that they found they
could dig up some roots some things that are called tubers similar to sweet
potato and potato early versions of those things so all of those things
would be available to our ancestors and that the argument is that that’s what we
should eat exclusively what they said no too
categorically is grain because your ancestors before ten thousand years ago
they had no grain available to them they had no legumes they had no beans no corn
well corn is actually a grain but beans and green beans soy beans black beans
etc peanuts all of those are legumes and your ancestors did not have access to
them and therefore we shouldn’t eat them they also said that there was no
organized form of dairy we didn’t farm animals we didn’t
domesticate animals until later so even if you could catch an occasional animal
and get little dairy there was nothing regular about that potatoes are a more
modern thing and obviously they had no processed sugar no processed foods no
food additives they had no vegetable oils no seed oils no nut oils none of
that so this because it wasn’t available the
principle of the Paleo diet says that you should cut this out 100% and it also
makes a lot of sense when you look at what people develop the most allergies
to the absolute top allergies today are wheat soy and dairy and it’s not just
the fact that it’s those foods but it’s how they’ve been processed and how
they’ve changed and how they’ve been refined so the Paleo diet also advocates
of course that we should eat it in its most original form so how does that then
compared to the keto diet well let’s look at the breakdown of macronutrients
so they’ve done a lot of research on this and they looked at hundreds of
different primitive populations and where they lived and their ancestors and
and what they were likely to eat and so forth and they came up with the numbers
that our ancestors on average probably ate around 39 40 percent fat 38 40
percent proteins are really really close and about 23% carbs so basically twice
as much calories from fat and protein as they did from carbs so it’s in essence a
low-carb diet it’s not it doesn’t have to be but because you cut out the grains
and legumes and the sugar in the processed food it sort of becomes a low
carb but you could during certain times if you found a lot of fruit and a lot of
roots and things like that then it could develop into a more moderate
carbohydrate diet but then they say it also depended on where you lived so in
the north where it was colder fewer fruits a shorter growing season then
they would rely less on carbohydrate probably as little as 10% and they would
rely more on fishing so with fishing and hunting hunting
seals and fat fish and things like that they would get probably a full 60
percent of their from fat on the other hand if you lived
in the tropics then you would have more fruits more vegetables longer seasons
and so forth so you might have actually 40% so you’d be a moderate almost a high
carbohydrate diet and again of course there would be no processed sugars or
food in that compared to the keto diet then the keto diet is pretty close to
what they would eat in the north so in a sense some versions of the Paleo diet
would actually be a keto diet but the keto diet as we’ve talked about before
it’s not a an idea it’s a physiological principle it’s about how do you cut the
carbs so low that your body gets into a state of ketosis so it’s an observation
it’s it’s changing your macronutrients to the point where your body starts
burning fat so some advocates of the keto diet they say well as long as you
cut the carbs down and get into ketosis it doesn’t matter what you eat you could
eat processed foods you could don’t have to eat vegetables etc etc and I don’t
share that point of view I think it still matters if you want to be healthy
long term but as far as the strict keto principle then it doesn’t matter because
when you’re in ketosis you’re in ketosis so it’s a physiological principle it’s
about changing your lifestyle until something happens in your body to where
you start burning fat and a byproduct of fat burning is ketones so when you can
measure ketones in your body you have achieved the objective and you are in
ketosis and you are on a ketogenic diet regardless of what type of food you’re
eating and again during certain times the Paleo diet would turn into the keto
diet if we look at it a little bit further
and now we think about well we didn’t have refrigerators and worldwide global
commerce and distribution of food so there was a lot of variation from day to
day and between the seasons so our ancestors had certain periods of
feasting and certain periods of famine and during the feasting they were
probably low to moderate carbohydrate and when there wasn’t so much food
around then they were low carb or probably Kido for long periods of time
and when they didn’t have food for a couple of days well guess what they were
fasting intermittently so I have to laugh
anytime someone calls these things a fad diet because the definition of fad means
it’s of short duration it’s it’s an idea someone gets excited about and a lot of
people try it and then it kind of fades away and nothing could be further from
the truth because these things are not fads this is how humans have eaten for
as long as we have existed every animal on the planet are in a feast or famine
situation because the food supply isn’t constant so for certain times there were
all in in keto and intermittent fasting so there’s nothing new about it it is
the way we’re supposed to function humans do extremely well missing a few
meals but we have no defense against six meals a day your body is not designed to
cope with six meals a day and the results are disastrous for most people
so we want to understand the differences that the Paleo diet is an historical
hypothesis it’s an idea that let’s eat the way that they did and the keto diet
is a physiological principle it says eat low enough carbs cut the
carbs enough back that you get into a state of ketosis and sometimes they have
two different origins the the the roots of why we do them are completely
different but sometimes they end up being the same thing because of the
reasons that we talked about that because we cut out most of the high carb
foods it becomes a low carb diet and because there was sometimes feast and
famine then they sometimes became the keto diet but then some people they say
that oh well because I believe this is the way it is I’m going to turn it into
my religion so some people look at the Paleo diet and they say that oh
absolutely with no exceptions under no
circumstances should you ever have anything outside of that because it’s
unnatural and I don’t buy that all the way I think the Paleo idea is a
fantastic foundation and I base everything that I do on that I think our
physiology has developed I think we need to look not only at the foods that we
ate but we need to look at the sleep cycles and our activity levels and a lot
of different things how how we respond to stress that our whole stress response
system developed to give us survival advantage we were supposed to have a
fight flight response to run away from a bear and we had an all-out sympathetic
fight flight response and then we found our safety in a cave or in a tree and
then our bodies could settle down so it was a lot of there was large differences
between the fight flight and the relaxation whereas today we are stress
is very different so we’re not living the way that our bodies were designed
for we have a lot of low-grade stress that keeps going hour after hour after
hour we sit in front of computers with deadlines we sit in traffic we have
arguments we watch the new we listen to politics we have all these
little things that set off stress responses and were not designed for
those type of things so I think this is a great foundation
the Paleo diet is a great place to start but I don’t think that that is
necessarily a hundred percent the law just because of that I think a lot of
people do well on certain grains I think organic corn in moderation
I think organic oats for some people I think brown rice in moderation if you’re
not sensitive to it if you’re not insulin resistance I think that can be a
reasonably good food for that person but if you are very insulin resistant then
all of these things are also going to trigger insulin at a much too high level
I think also based on testing and based on clinical results that dairy is okay
for most people but we have to look at the source of the dairy the quality of
the dairy is this grass-fed and has it been pasteurized and the more we can
find it in its original form the more likely that it’s good for you something
like skimmed pasteurized milk I wouldn’t want for my worst enemy I
think that’s a horrendous food I based on our testing in our office we have
never found a person that agrees (test well) with pasteurized skim milk but we have the
majority of people doing well on grass-fed butter and sour cream and raw
cheese and things like that and by the same token some people turn the keto
diet into a religion and say that oh well I when I went into ketosis I felt
the best I ever had it changed my life so that must be the
best diet for me I’m gonna stick to that no matter what I don’t care what I eat
as long as I’m in ketosis I’ll be fine that’s because they were insulin
resistant they were toxic with sugar and when they cut it out
they gave their body a chance to recover and find some sort of balance but it
doesn’t mean that that is the optimal diet for them forever we need to
understand where our origins are according to the Paleo principle we need
to understand where low-carb and keto and low to moderate carb diets fit in
based on our health goals and our weight and our insulin resistance so I think
everyone should look hard at the Paleo diet to get a good foundation to
understand where our roots are that those people ate a certain type of food
and that that food was always whole and unprocessed and I think that should be
80 to 90% of the food for almost everybody then I think you need to
understand where you are as far as insulin resistance blood sugar a 1c etc
and where you need to be on the carbohydrate scale that if you’re very
insulin resistance then you probably need to do keto for a while probably an
if not keto at least very low carb combined with intermittent fasting and
exercise and stress modification behavior and so forth so it’s what this
channel is all about it’s learning these principles so that you can take the best
from each area and understand how it fits to you because there is no
one-size-fits-all we have to start understanding what the modern world has
changed what it has done to us so that we can learn and change and try things
that will work for us if you enjoy this kind of content and you’re new to this
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then live a better life as well thanks for watching

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