This Is Why You Shouldn’t Eat At Night

You might think that the question we are asking
today seems kind of strange. How can all food be bad for you? Well, the reason we ask this is because we
are so often told that something is good for us, and then some time later we are told it’s
bad for us. We watch documentaries online that demonize
some foods, only to find out that some scientist has debunked much of the information in the
documentary. It can be so confusing, knowing what’s good
for us in terms of our diet. Perhaps the biggest controversy has been over
the low-fat diet, something we were told for years was the way to go, and in more recent
years we’ve been told that those once nasty fats are now A-ok. So, today we’ll dig deep into food, in this
episode of the Infographics Show, Is all food bad for you? Let’s start with carbs, because we are told
these days it is food high in carbohydrates that is making us overweight. Fatty foods seem to have been redeemed of
badness. Well, to start with, the general consensus
out there is that if you lower your calorie intake and exercise more – so you have a
calorie deficit – then you will likely lose weight or maintain the weight you want to
stay at. Not many people are disagreeing about this. But carbs can contain a lot of calories, and
while it’s said adults should get around 45-65% of their calories from carbohydrates,
a daily diet feasting on refined carbs, i.e. bread, white rice, pasta, sugary drinks and
all manner of snack foods, will probably be too much for you. These will cause spikes in blood sugar, and
that we don’t need. You can get your carb hit from veggies, or
fruits, or beans and grains. So no, there is nothing wrong with carbs,
but it’s better to have a mixed diet, and if you want to lose weight, try not having
a refined carb-heavy meal three times a day. Simple. As for whole wheat vs white bread, well, the
former does have more fiber and a lower glycemic and insulin index, which prevents too much
insulin from being released. But it’s calorie content is similar, and
you can get your fiber from other foods. It’s not really seen as a healthy choice,
even though it might be marketed that way. If you want to stay lean, go easy on huge
sandwiches packed with enough filling to feed a horse. So, this brings us to the former bad guy of
foods: fat. Fat makes you fat, right? That seems to make sense, linguistically at
least. Well, there are a bunch of studies these days
that tell us fat won’t make you fat if you don’t have a very calorific diet, and eating
cholesterol won’t necessarily give you high cholesterol. In fact, we are now told that we need lots
of healthy fats in our diet, and that avoiding them in the past could have been hurting us
more than it was helping us. What are healthy fats? We are told these are monounsaturated and
polyunsaturated fats, which you find in fish, nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils such as olive
and sunflower oil. The bad fats, these are what we call “trans”
fats, and they can often be found in all the good stuff, such as cookies, doughnuts, cakes,
deep-fried treats, and all kinds of processed foods. These fats are called “industrial trans
fatty acids”, and they are cheap, which is why they are used. They are made by adding hydrogen to liquid
vegetable oils. Just about all the research we can find points
to them being bad when eaten in excess, and that’s why they are presently being used
less. As for saturated fat, the stuff you find in
many fatty foods such as some meats, butter and cheese, well, even these are no longer
said to be too bad for you. But we should say that most sources we can
find tell us to eat them in moderation. Now, for the dreaded egg! Do you remember those horror stories about
the yolk, that led to restaurants all over the world pushing the egg white omelet onto
their menus? The yolk being bad has been debunked for the
most part. What studies have shown is that in healthy
people, eating 1-6 eggs a day doesn’t really affect the cholesterol in your body. Studies did, however, find that if you have
an unhealthy diet full of those bad carbs, a daily egg intake may affect blood levels
of cholesterol and lipoproteins in the negative. When a doctor at Harvard was asked if eggs
are bad, he replied, “From what we know today, here’s the bottom line: for most people,
an egg a day does not increase your risk of a heart attack, a stroke, or any other type
of cardiovascular disease.” He did say, however, that if you have diabetes
or already have a high risk of heart disease, you should not eat more than three eggs a
week. And that’s what most experts say these days:
eggs are alright, so knock yourself out, and have a yellow omelet. What about salt, another demon of the food
world? Well, salt is a mineral that is essential
to your diet. The problem is, according to research, is
that we just eat too much of it. That doesn’t mean you get that salt shaker
out even for your Cornflakes, but that salt is already in a lot of foods, especially processed
foods…which includes Cornflakes! If you have hypertension, you might lay off
the salt, but this might only mean cutting down on some processed foods. Too much sodium, it seems, can make your blood
pressure rise too high, and this is agreed upon across the board. Studies have found that by completely taking
salt out from a diet, people weren’t any better off. As for hipster salt, the Himalayan mountain
stuff mined in Pakistan, well, the jury (i.e. science) is still on a hung verdict regarding
if it is any better for you than other salt. Serious science says no, new age health experts
say yes. It’s certainly quite tasty, though. Another myth is that frozen or canned foods
lose all their nutrients somehow because they have been processed, but we can find nothing
that tells us that this is the truth. In fact, it’s simply not the truth, although
there may be some small differences in nutritional value. In some cases, we found that frozen or canned
vegetables can have more nutrients due to the nutrients being frozen in the food. How you cook them, too, is important, as it’s
thought overcooking can get rid of some of the goodness. But what about how we eat? There is so much information out there these
days on this topic. Some diet gurus tell us we should fast, while
other experts demand we eat lots of small meals many times in a day. The U.S. National Institute of Health put
this to the test, stating, “A diet with less meal frequency can improve the health
and extend the lifespan of laboratory animals, but its effect on humans has never been tested.” So, they tested people, and what they found
was it doesn’t matter how many times you eat. What does matter is calorie intake. It seems if you have six small meals or two
big meals and the calorie count is similar, your body will not change. It’s what you eat, not how you eat. This brings us to the matter of skipping breakfast. Is that a terrible thing to do, or a good
thing to do? The sources we checked that cited studies
on the topic said it’s all about how you feel, and that you don’t necessarily have
to eat breakfast to maintain a healthy weight. Sources did say, however, that it’s different
for everyone, so you could try experimenting if you are not happy with your current weight. The same goes for eating at night. It’s not necessarily a bad thing if you
are maintaining a diet that is not super high in calories. If you are over-eating, then yes, it could
be a bad thing. Those Brits will tell you that 8 pints of
beer and a large kebab at the end of the night does seem to give many people a rather large
tummy. So, there you go, it’s likely that the answer
to a healthy diet is moderation and diversity of food. You can have your cake, and eat it, but don’t
have a cake-laden diet. You can and should have fats, like your lumps
of cheese, but mega-pizza is mightily calorific. Be sparing with your binging. Throw in some veggies when you can, and don’t
worry too much. If you want to lose weight, you should exercise
and also start counting calories. There are compelling documentaries out there,
such as the fairly recent, “What the Health,” that tell us what we have said today is wrong,
and that people should probably go vegan. But the people debunking some of the facts
presented in the documentary seem equally compelling. At the same time, the scientific evidence
out there, as well as real life stories, seem to show us that eating lots of vegetables
and not overdoing it with junk food is a good thing. You can’t argue with the heart disease,
diabetes and obesity epidemics, the hospitals and Walmart parking lots are proof. But it seems it’s not that you need to be
a dietary puritan to be healthy, but to eat wisely and not over indulge. So, how do you keep your weight under control? And do you subscribe to these diet fads that
keep coming and going? Let us know in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called Vegans vs Meat Eaters – Who will live longer?! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

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